Welcome to N-square Consulting, Brussels based public affairs & government relations firm specialised in the online environment.

Analysing and improving policy and regulation that affect our clients is our core business.


We consider that lobbying is a key element in the policy-making process, as it allows decision-makers to get real-life perspectives and refines impact assessments.

N-square Consulting is part of KDC GROUP BVBA, a Belgian company with VAT / Registration number BE 0887.992.240 vested at Kreupelstraat 33, 1703 Dilbeek (Brussels), Belgium. We are registered in the EU Transparency Register (see here).


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Companies in every sector of the economy and throughout the world face increasing pressures to address various policy changes, especially in terms of  liberalisation.  Regulatory programs are emerging and evolving at the national, regional, and international levels. Shareholders, local governments, key stakeholders, and the general public are demanding and, in many cases, taking action. In […]

Supporting you in the elaboration and roll-out of your Public Affairs Strategy in Brussels and at national level As a preliminary remark, N² wants to stress that, if it believes it can run a Government Relations Strategy or handle your Public Affairs needs in Brussels, we do not necessarily pretend that we can do it […]

A Business Understanding & Approach of Liberalised Markets More and more sectors in all geographies are shaped by regulation, with varying results depending on the maturity of the liberalisation process and on the approach taken by policy makers and regulators. N² has a global track record of providing policy and regulatory advice in telecommunications, an […]

In addition to our lobbying practice, we also specialise in providing services to associations in the telecoms and internet sectors. Our services include: Providing outsourced management and secretariat services to industry associations; Advising not-for-profit bodies on their establishment and ongoing governance issues.   Examples of our work with cross-industry bodies include: Running of the Voice […]


Please find below a sample of our current & past clients.

  • Neth-ER – Netherlands house for Education and Research

    Neth-ER – Netherlands house for Education and Research

    Trade association

    Neth-ER  is a representation of the Dutch knowledge field in Brussels.

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  • Towerhouse Consulting

    Towerhouse Consulting


    UK based law firm and consultancy specialised in providing legal, regulatory and economic advice in the telecoms sector.

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  • CDT – Center for Democracy & Technology

    CDT – Center for Democracy & Technology

    Civil society

    The Center for Democracy and Technology is a nonprofit public policy organization and the leading Internet freedom organization working at the critical edge of policy innovation.

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  • Google



    Google is a global technology leader focused on improving the ways people connect with information. Google’s innovations in web search and advertising have made its website a top internet property and its brand one of the most recognized in the world.

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  • TerreStar



    TerreStar Networks is at the forefront of providing a reliable and secure satellite terrestrial mobile broadband network.

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  • ECTA – European Competitive Telecoms Association

    ECTA – European Competitive Telecoms Association

    Trade association

    The European Competitive Telecommunications Association was founded in 1998, and supports the regulatory and commercial interests of new entrant telecoms operators, ISPs and suppliers of products and services to the communications industry.

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  • EIAA – European Interactive Advertising Association

    EIAA – European Interactive Advertising Association

    Trade association

    The European Interactive Advertising Association represented the leading European interactive media companies across Europe.It merged with IAB Europe in 2011.

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  • Slovenska Filantropija

    Slovenska Filantropija

    Civil society

    Slovene Philanthropy, Association for the Promotion of Volunteering is a humanitarian organization operating in public interest since 1992.

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  • TRA – Telecommunications Regulatory Authority of the UAE

    TRA – Telecommunications Regulatory Authority of the UAE


    The Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (TRA) in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is responsible for the management of every aspect of the telecommunications and information technology industries in the UAE.

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  • ECPA – European Centre for Public Affairs

    ECPA – European Centre for Public Affairs

    Trade association

    The European Centre for Public Affairs is a long standing European Association of Public Affairs Practitioners in Brussels (1986) that is unique in that it brings together the entire public affairs profession.

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  • MedicAnimal



    MedicAnimal.com™ is one of Europe’s largest and most trusted online retailers of veterinary products and pet supplies.

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  • The Number

    The Number


    The Number and its group companies are the largest independent providers of directory enquiry services in the world.

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  • kgbdeals



    kgbdeals is a daily deal destination available in over 100 cities in the United States, United Kingdom, France and Italy.  As consumers experiment and broaden their lifestyle, kgbdeals saves them 50-90% on their favorite products and services.

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  • VON (Voice on the Net) Coalition Europe

    VON (Voice on the Net) Coalition Europe

    Trade association

    The Voice on the Net (VON) Coalition Europe was launched in December 2007 by leading Internet communications and technology companies to create an authoritative voice for the Internet-enabled communications industry.

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Case studies

Since its foundation on 1 January 2007, N² has attracted a diverse client base within its area of expertise.

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N² assisted an international telecoms service provider in its fight to ensure that it had access to better wholesale products from network operators, in order to offer more attractive tariffs to end users. This support included the lobbying of an inter-service consultation within the European Commission (at cabinet and Commissioner levels) and the lobbying of […]

N² acted for this project as the European outsourced Regulatory department for an international satellite operator interested in the first pan-European spectrum selection process, which will lead to an assignment of spectrum by the European institutions to industry players valid for all 27 Member States. N² represented the operators’ interests in discussing with the various […]

N² has had the privilege of working with a recently set up regulatory authority in the Middle East, drafting their Interconnection Dispute Resolution Procedure. Due to the high standards set by the client, N² did not only focus on the existing best practices in the telecoms world, but analysed which Alternative Dispute Resolution mechanisms from […]

N² led the strategic review of a European Industry Association representing nearly 100 companies across Europe. The project was executed in coordination with the association’s staff and was aimed at  analysing the revenues and resources available to the association and re-thinking them in order to create a more objective, transparent and future-proof organisation. N² conducted […]


Caroline De Cock has written a book about EU lobbying, contributed to several Internet law books, taught on the subject at various business schools and Universities and intervened as a speaker in international fora.


iLobby.eu: Survival Guide to EU Lobbying, Including the Use of Social Media

by Caroline De Cock, Eburon, 2010


iLobby.eu sets out how to lobby the EU from the perspective of an actual lobbyist sharing her experience (both good and bad). It also looks at the social media tools that must be taken into consideration when campaigning and details examples of worst and best practices.

The New Virtual Money: Law and Practice

by Olivier Hance and Suzan Dionne-Balz, Kluwer, 1999


Caroline continued her collaboration with Olivier Hance with this book, which attempted to analyze the appropriateness of the relevant existing legal instruments that regulated internet payment systems, including the rapidly increasing use of `electronic cash’ – on smart cards or in the form of dematerialized electronic tokens.

Business and Law on the Internet

by Olivier Hance, McGraw-Hill, 1996


Caroline discovered Internet law by working as a researcher and collaborator to this book, the first European one-stop guide to doing business on the Internet within the context of North American and European laws.

Courses and Speaking Interventions


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